Schweinsbraten literally means “roasted pork”. If you order it in an Austrian restaurant, you will get a slice of greyish meat, usually but not always from the shoulder of the animal. If you order it in an Austrian Heuriger, you will get something a bit different.
All the food at a Heuriger is served cold, and meat is typically cured. Schweinsbraten at a Heuriger is cured, like ham. What makes this particular ham so special is the cut of meat it is made from: the Schopf.
The Schopf extends forward from the loin of the pig, into the shoulder primal. It has the same round cross-section as the loin, only it also has a very healthy amount of fat marbled throughout. For more specifics on where exactly this cut of meat is on the animal, and how to remove it, see this post.
To make Schweinsbraten, the Schopf is brined like any other ham. Once cured, it can be slow-roasted. If the meat will be sliced thin and served cold, it only needs to be roasted to 65°C. If you would like to slice the meat thicker and serve it like baked ham, it will need to be roasted or braised up to 80°C to tenderize.
I suggest this cut as a superior alternative to pork leg for making ham. When I first started cutting pork I used most of the shoulder for sausages and other ground applications, reserving the leg for hams and roasts. But the shoulder makes such amazing hams, braises, and roasts, that increasingly I am using lean leg meat in conjunction with fatback for sausage and ground.